Ellsworth AFB Minuteman Missile Site Coordinates

Many of the following missile silos and launch control centers are on land claimed by the Lakota Nation. In the view of many Lakota the last valid treaty between the United States and the Lakota Nation was one signed in 1868. It left all of South Dakota west of the Missouri River in Lakota hands. (Nuclear Heartland)

Ellsworth Air Force Base (see also http://www.strategic-air-command.com/bases/Ellsworth_AFB.htm), located in western South Dakota, initially had 150 Minuteman I missiles (also Titan Is, see http://w3.uwyo.edu/~jimkirk/titan1.html#ellsworth) which were installed between April 1963 and the end of 1963. Between October 1971 and March 13 1973 the missiles were replaced by Minutman II missiles. The Minutemen were all retired between December 3 1991 and April 1994, with destruction of silos and alert facilities finishing in 1996 as part of the reduction in arms from 1,000 land-based ICBMs to 500 land-based ICBMs (now 450 with Peacekeeper retired), per international treaties.

Many of the USGS photos are from mid/late 1991 when the facilities were active though some photos are later, such as 1995. Some, such as F-1, are from 1997, after the facilities were salvaged and the last silo destroyed. Missile Alert Facility D-1 and Launch Facility D-9 were preserved for conversion into a museum designated the Minuteman Missile National Historic Site. See:

According to Scott Murdock ( http://www.airforcebase.net/trips/rapid/rapid.html), D-01 was officially turned over to the National Park Service in September of 2002.

There is a nice museum near the main gate. See http://www.sdairandspacemuseum.com/index.php and http://www.aero-web.org/museums/sd/eafbsd.htm for a review. The museum offers tours of the base which includes the training launch facility.

66th MS 67th SMS 68th MS 44th MW 44th MW 44th MW
(Patch images courtesy of USAFPatches.com. I have not found a patch for the 67th MS, only the 67th SMS). I believe the first 44th patch was appropriate for the Titan I era and the second is for Minuteman.

The people: Ellsworth sites were staffed by the 66th, 67th, and 68th Missile Squadrons, under the 44th Missile Wing (activated January 1 1962; deactivated July 4 1994). The 66th MS (flights A-E) was activated on July 1 1962; deactivation date unknown. The 67th MS (flights F-J) was activated on August 1 1962; deactivation date unknown. The 68th MS (flights K-O) was activated on September 1 1962; deactivation date unknown. Other resources:

Each squadron was responsible for 5 flights of 10 missiles each, or 50 missiles. Sites are designated by flight, using one letter of the alphabet, followed by a number. The first site in each flight is #1 and designates the Missile Alert Facility (MAF) which consists of an above-ground structure plus an underground Launch Control Center (LCC) staffed by two officers. The Launch Facilities (LFs, i.e. missile silos) are numbered 2 through 11 and are connected to the MAF/LCC by the Hardened Intersite Cable System (HICS) which also interconnects flights.

In more recent post-retirement images such as from Google, notice that the alert facility sewage ponds have been reclaimed (filled, flattened, and presumably returned to the surrounding farm for cultivation). One exception is D-1 which was preserved as a historic site.

For humor, I also include the nicknames given in the book Nuclear Heartland.


Google Maps
44-19-53  102-03-04 A-1
"Pumpkin's Pride"
Laid out at interesting angles, not north-south. October 21 2002, this site was being offered for sale, see http://propertydisposal.gsa.gov/Property/PropforSale/ShowProperty.ASP?PropertyID=580 (the link died, try http://web.archive.org/web/20051104220648/http://propertydisposal.gsa.gov/Property/PropforSale/ShowProperty.ASP?PropertyID=580). I checked (11/1/2002) the bidding was up to $10,500 by Siloman himself. On 4/4/2003 I checked and it was listed as sold, $36,000, as of 12/4/2002 to Cedar Breaks Ranch, http://www.cedarbreaksranch.com.

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44-24-26  101-55-50 A-2
"Horrible Heffalump"

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44-19-03  101-56-56 A-3
"Mordor"

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44-15-49  101-50-56 A-4
"Not Even Eeyore's"

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44-13-13  101-57-39 A-5
"Durin's Bane"

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44-15-51  102-02-01 A-6
"Mourning Dove"
Unusually long and curvy driveway.

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44-10-55  102-02-53 A-7
"Katzenjammer"

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44-13-42  102-12-33 A-8
"Sammy's"

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44-16-47  102-08-47 A-9
"Nick's"

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44-20-03  102-11-57 A-10
"Styx & Stones"

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44-23-23  102-07-57 A-11
"Charon's Raft"
Slightly unusual driveway configuration.

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44-05-56  102-17-02 B-1
"Contragate"

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44-09-11  102-12-22 B-2
"Free Parking"

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44-07-35  102-06-41 B-3
"McNamara's"

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44-04-10  102-10-09 B-4
"Lost in Space"

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43-59-23  102-09-38 B-5
"First Strike"

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43-55-38  102-14-13 B-6
"Open Gate"

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44-01-20  102-17-11 B-7
"Admiral John's"

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43-56-21  102-20-14 B-8
"Womb Envy"

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44-02-19  102-22-48 B-9
"General Richard's"

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44-10-43  102-22-47 B-10
"Gorbanifar's"

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44-11-14  102-17-29 B-11
"Thieves and Knaves"
(I had incorrectly listed the coordinates as 44-12-43 102-21-30 until Scott Murdock corrected me, April 7 2012).

Google Maps
44-11-01  101-42-09
75 miles E Rapid City South Dakota
(10 miles N Philip South Dakota)
C-1
"Thermonuclear Warfare"
According to Scott Murdock's trip report Ellsworth Echoes this is now the Missile Inn Bed and Breakfast, operated by George and Sandee Gittings who can be contacted at (605) 859-2265 or their cellphone at (605) 685-5497. See also J-1, below.

Google Maps
44-19-45  101-40-44 C-2
"Mike's Roadside Rest"

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44-09-47  101-36-21 C-3
"The Missile Next Door"

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44-05-47  101-40-08 C-4
"Darrell's Roadside Rest"
Another web site originally listed 44-04-59 101-41-11 which is a power substation (second image). A little searching revealed the correct location, 1.3 miles northeast.

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44-01-36  101-43-29 C-5
"Berenson's Pride"

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43-59-20  101-48-56 C-6
"Mundt's Muff"

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44-04-50  101-47-44 C-7
"Rural Blight"

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44-06-42  101-53-09 C-8
"Farewell to Arms"

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44-06-41  101-58-49 C-9
"The Naked" missile

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44-10-49  101-50-35 C-10
"Omnicide"

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44-16-59  101-44-58 C-11
"Boeing Corporation"

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43-52-40  101-57-41 D-1
"Mike and Beth's"
D-1 and D-9 were preserved as a museum.

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44-02-12  101-56-44 D-2
"Grindstone"

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43-57-53  101-55-42 D-3
"Transfiguration Plowshares"

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43-54-46  101-48-05 D-4
"Harmonic Conversion"

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43-50-36  101-50-20 D-5
"Lyle's Right"
Lots of vehicles in the enclosure, and a few in the driveway on August 19, 1991 when the USGS photo was taken.

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43-48-21  101-56-33 D-6
"Badlands Barry"

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43-49-11  102-07-08 D-7
"Lost Vulture"

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43-52-34  102-03-48 D-8
"Tom's"
Somewhat longer driveway than usual.

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43-55-53  102-09-36 D-9
"Cassandra's"
D-1 and D-9 were preserved as historic sites.

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43-57-36  102-03-29 D-10
"Jane's"

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44-01-53  102-04-08 D-11
"Mona's"

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43-55-12  101-28-52 E-1
"The Greenhouse/Gaudete"

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44-03-23  101-27-03 E-2
"Jeremy's"
Unusually long driveway.

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43-54-26  101-17-05 E-3
"Sarah's"

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43-50-40  101-20-39 E-4
"Michael's"

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43-51-12  101-27-40 E-5
"Carl Kline's"
Another clear example of a road dead-ending at a site.

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43-49-58  101-33-48 E-6
"Susie's"

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43-50-24  101-44-23 E-7
"Debbie's"

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43-51-57  101-39-33 E-8
"Danny's"

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43-56-19  101-39-46 E-9
"Mary Beth and Jim's"

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43-58-11  101-33-37 E-10
"Mary's"

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44-03-19  101-35-18 E-11
"Laurie's"

Google Maps
44-59-50  102-45-43 F-1
"Contra Connection"

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45-04-21  102-44-41 F-2
"North Forty"

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45-01-34  102-40-16 F-3
"Ollie's Folly"

Google Maps
45-01-30  102-34-15 F-4
"Fawn's Delight"
Some time between 1997 and 2004 highway 212 was rerouted. Formerly it curved to the north but the new route gives it a straight east-west alignment. As a result the LF's driveway was extended to meet the highway again.

Google Maps
44-57-59  102-34-37 F-5
"Secord's Profit"

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44-56-55  102-39-12 F-6
"Iran's Ire"

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44-54-39  102-34-19 F-7
"Or is It Iraq?"

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44-54-32  102-43-46 F-8
"Remember What?"

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44-55-01  102-52-33 F-9
"Meese Truth"

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44-58-14  102-56-05 F-10
"Reagan Knew"

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45-00-50  102-51-02 F-11
"Bush, Too"

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44-43-25  102-39-01 G-1
"The Heritage Connection"

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44-46-25  102-32-02 G-2
"Many Farms"

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44-41-17  102-33-52 G-3
"Life's Blood"

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44-37-06  102-34-27 G-4
"Have Perished"

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44-39-11  102-39-39 G-5
"Since We Began"

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44-36-36  102-48-19 G-6
"This Destruction"

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44-41-45  102-47-42 G-7
"Choices Made"

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44-44-51  102-56-23 G-8
"Hungry Children"

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44-44-52  102-50-53 G-9
"Will Be Gone"

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44-44-57  102-45-55 G-10
"If Nukes Remain"

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44-49-05  102-40-12 G-11
"Top Priority"

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44-27-43  102-48-55 H-1
"Hiroshima Denied"

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44-33-36  102-43-31 H-2
"Angel Dust"

Google Maps
44-33-35  102-37-45 H-3
"George McGovern's 597 Vote"
George McGovern ran for President against Richard Nixon, but the only "state" he won was Washington DC. I think the Nuclear Heartland nickname refers to his winning a Senate seat in 1962 by the very narrow margin of 597 votes. He was a strongly antiwar politician from South Dakota.

Google Maps
44-29-35  102-41-02 H-4
"Moscow Children's Hospital"

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44-30-20  102-33-50 H-5
"Brokedown Palace"

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44-25-55  102-33-49 H-6
"Picnic Canyon"

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44-24-10  102-45-54 H-7
"Pro-Active"

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44-22-27  102-51-05 H-8
"Why Die?"

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44-26-06  102-55-12 H-9
"Terry Peak"

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44-30-40  102-55-09 H-10
"Son of Sam"

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44-32-01  102-49-31 H-11
"Charles Manson's"

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44-36-10  102-18-57 I-1
"Melting Pot"

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44-44-32  102-17-15 I-2
"Bad"

Google Maps
44-40-01  102-16-40 I-3
"Augustus Owsley Stanley III"
Augustus helped introduce LSD to the world, changing society (at least, American society). I understand he changed his name to Owsley Stanley in 1967 and is living in Australia (as of 2002). Most people call him Bear. He was involved with the Grateful Dead and other groups as a sound man. See www.thebear.org.

Google Maps
44-36-20  102-13-42 I-4
"Wart"

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44-36-45  102-07-42 I-5
"Cap the Knife"

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44-32-33  102-10-20 I-6
"Open Range"

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44-30-30  102-28-49 I-7
"End of the Road"
On the wrong side of the road compared to the directions in Nuclear Heartland.

Google Maps
44-34-29  102-29-44 I-8
"Jim Abdnor's Tunnel Vision"
Jim Abdnor was a Republican Senator from South Dakota.

Google Maps
44-36-13  102-24-07 I-9
"City on a Hill"
Interesting remnants of old access roads.

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44-42-51  102-27-09 I-10
"Mustard"

Google Maps
44-42-05  102-21-30 I-11
"High Plains Panorama"

Google Maps
44-54-21  102-21-55 J-1
"Tear Down the Wall"
The color photo was donated by Eric Wuest and was taken circa September 1981. This is now the "Juliet 1 Bed and Breakfast" according to an article in the September 2005 AAFM newsletter, here, page 9. Refer to http://www.juliet1bed-n-breakfast.net though that link is now (6/28/2013) dead, but there is a Facebook page at https://www.facebook.com/pages/Juliet-1-Bed-Breakfast/160709553950261 and a Google+ page at https://plus.google.com/109070417407127470212/about?gl=us&hl=en#109070417407127470212/about?gl=us&hl=en. See also C-1, above.

Google Maps
45-01-17  102-21-42 J-2
"Nappin' at the Summit"

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45-01-28  102-15-17 J-3
"Peace Creeper"

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45-01-19  102-08-37 J-4
"Kissinger's Reasoning"

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44-56-46  102-12-26 J-5
"Unnamed"

Google Maps
44-53-11  102-14-59 J-6
"Pentagonia"
On March 8, 1983, one man of a two-man security team was accidentally shot and killed by his partner. The victim was identified as Daniel J. Kopp, age 20. The partner was not identified. I received a further explanation by email that there was a two-man security team on site as a Camper Alert Team (on site with a camper). One of the men was playing around with his gun, with a chambered round, which resulted in an accidental discharge directly into the victim. Mr. Kopp died at the scene despite CPR and a helicopter rescue team. A new policy was implemented forbidding a chambered round, at least for camper teams.

Google Maps
44-49-52  102-16-01 J-7
"Congressonia"

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44-49-07  102-20-36 J-8
"Thatcher's Tether"

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44-50-49  102-27-00 J-9
"Bush's Bet"

Google Maps
44-56-51  102-27-21 J-10
"Caspar's Envy"
Longish driveway.

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45-01-32  102-27-49 J-11
"Dakota's Humiliation"

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44-34-23  103-51-42 K-1
"Custer's Karma"

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44-39-10  103-46-33 K-2
"Lori's Intuition"

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44-37-15  103-41-14 K-3
"Bomb Bordello"

Google Maps
44-35-11  103-46-04 K-4
"Tower of Babel"
Amazingly, when the USGS took the photo in 1995, they captured two B-1 bombers along with the missile site. Lower-left, and middle-right.

Google Maps
44-31-53  103-41-31 K-5
"Shellout Falter"

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44-26-29  103-41-17 K-6
"Posterity's Problem"

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44-28-22  103-46-33 K-7
"Politician's Prattle"

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44-31-34  103-56-14 K-8
"Hell Hole"

Google Maps
44-32-54  104-02-05 K-9
"The Mutt"
Some web sources list K-9 and K-10 as being in Wyoming, they are actually in South Dakota but very close to the border. This is apparently an error originally in Robert Mueller's book "Air Force Bases: Active Air Force Bases Within the United States" and perpetuated by others. K-9 is directly across the highway from a rest area.

Google Maps
44-38-11  104-00-40 K-10
"Bane of Our Existence"
Some web sources list K-9 and K-10 as being in Wyoming, they are actually in South Dakota but very close to the border. This is apparently an error originally in Robert Mueller's book "Air Force Bases: Active Air Force Bases Within the United States" and perpetuated by others. The full-size USGS image shows impressive plowing patterns by the local farmer.

Google Maps
44-38-24  103-54-47 K-11
"Mission Impossible"

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44-32-28  103-20-43 L-1
"Out to Launch"

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44-36-55  103-20-42 L-2
"Prairie Tumor"
According to http://ed-thelen.org/MarkMorganTripReport3-01.html an accident damaged a re-entry vehicle (RV). December 5 1964; one retrorocket below the RV fired, sending the RV to the bottom of the silo. No nuclear or conventional detonation occured. This in turn is per Chuck Hansen's CD-ROM book "The Swords of Armageddon"

Google Maps
44-35-55  103-16-13 L-3
"Unlit Sky"

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44-31-48  103-11-04 L-4
"Broken Arrow"

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44-27-43  103-30-35 L-5
"Lauralea-Clark"
The LF is now so thoroughly obliterated that when I checked Google imagery in 2012 I thought it was not the correct location.

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44-30-54  103-26-58 L-6
"Minds Being Wasted"

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44-31-01  103-34-41 L-7
"Dr. Seuss"

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44-35-03  103-33-59 L-8
"Mamen's Folly"

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44-38-56  103-35-38 L-9
"Regretfully Yours"

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44-35-08  103-26-12 L-10
"Orange Moon-Rise"

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44-38-47  103-29-09 L-11
"Taxpayers' Children"

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44-55-11  103-56-07 M-1
"No Accident"

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45-02-04  103-53-00 M-2
"Meadowlark"

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44-57-46  103-52-22 M-3
"Brown Pelican"

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44-58-31  103-46-29 M-4
"Velvet Buck"

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44-54-37  103-47-34 M-5
"Lame Doe"

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44-52-01  103-52-18 M-6
"Killdeer"

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44-47-44  103-50-39 M-7
"Kingbird"
Quite a long driveway.

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44-43-15  103-51-00 M-8
"Crow Creek"

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44-44-55  103-57-01 M-9
"Twin Antelope"

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44-48-10  104-02-15 M-10
"Prairie's Edge"

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44-57-53  104-01-20 M-11
"Field of Clover"
Nuclear Heartland claims (and shows) this as on the left side of the road, it's on the right side (trivial quibble).

Google Maps
44-47-42  103-30-09 N-1
"Human Misery"

Google Maps
44-51-22  103-25-23 N-2
"Hard Times"
N-2 is the only operational site that actually launched a missile (with 7 seconds of fuel), on March 1 1965. See http://ed-thelen.org/MarkMorganTripReport3-01.html. (I'm not including Vandenberg or Edwards since those facilities were for testing/development). Called "Long Life" and briefly described at http://www.afmissileers.org/newsletters/NL1997/Aug97.pdf (page 8 #19). See also http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/agency/44mw.htm and http://www.ellsworth.af.mil/~history/44mw.htm (link dead, WHY do Air Force Bases keep denying their history? Instead, try: http://web.archive.org/web/20030415203418/http://www.ellsworth.af.mil/~history/44mw.htm) which points out two additional launches were canceled, and that this was the only successful launch from an operational site (which I will disagree with, since Vandenberg's Titan II sites were operational at times). A photo of the launch is at http://www.siloworld.net/MISSILE%20TEMP/MINUTEMAN%20LAUNCH.htm. That the silo was refurbished rather than abandoned was clarified on the Yahoo missile_talk group, a fellow named Scotty says he was a November flight commander and states quite clearly the silo was fixed up and put back in service.

Google Maps
44-47-10  103-25-25 N-3
"Small is Beautiful"

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44-43-30  103-20-45 N-4
"More with Less"

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44-43-09  103-27-49 N-5
"Fall of America"

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44-44-00  103-33-40 N-6
"Brave New World"

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44-41-13  103-41-33 N-7
"Crazy Bald Head"

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44-46-06  103-38-51 N-8
"Jah Love"

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44-51-52  103-43-37 N-9
"Livestock at Large"

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44-50-30  103-39-11 N-10
"Amber Waves"

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44-54-38  103-38-54 N-11
"Siberian"

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44-55-29  103-14-13 O-1
"Castle Rock"

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45-00-44  103-02-22 O-2
"Supply and Demand"

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44-57-32  103-08-14 O-3
"The Gang's All Here"

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44-55-16  103-01-15 O-4
"Winston Smith"

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44-52-30  103-06-27 O-5
"Big Brother"
Quite a long driveway.

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44-49-58  103-11-51 O-6
"Timothy Leary"

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44-47-17  103-16-28 O-7
"Dain Bramage"

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44-51-48  103-17-36 O-8
"Be Here Now"

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44-56-47  103-25-20 O-9
"Jimi Hendrix"

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44-57-15  103-20-12 O-10
"Trickle Down"
The "trickle down" theory of finance was popular at the time, and largely ridiculed.

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45-00-57  103-25-21 O-11
"Nuremberg...Ha!"

Google Maps
44-08-57  103-05-26 Training Silo
The training silo, known as the Minuteman Maintenance & Procedures Trainer. The site is included on the South Dakota Air & Space Museum tour of the base, see http://www.sdairandspacemuseum.com/index.php. The USGS photo was taken in April of 1997 which is well after all of Ellsworth's missiles were pulled and launch facilities destroyed. (I originally listed this at 44-09-19 103-05-17 but that turns out to be a power substation; Tim Brewer corrected me in August of 2007). Scott Murdock toured in August of 2010 and includes several pictures in his trip report Ellsworth Echoes.

Google Maps
44-10-05  103-06-30 WSA
Based on the impressive perimeter fence, this looks like the Weapons Storage Area (WSA).